Arthritis/Osteoarthritis (also called facet joint osteoarthritis or spinal arthritis) occurs when the cartilage that line the facet joints in the spine deteriorate, allowing the bones to rub directly against each other. Spinal osteoarthritis may lead to back pain, symptoms of sciatica and other problems.
Chronic Pain is pain that lasts more than three to six months or pain beyond the point of tissue healing.
Degenerative Disc Disease
The discs in the spine (the pillow-like pads between the bones) lose their cushioning. When this happens, it can cause persistent pain in the lower back, legs, neck or arms.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic myofascial (muscular) pain syndrome that typically causes generalized back pain and muscle pain and causes specific areas of the body to become tender to the touch.
As a disc degenerates, the soft inner gel in the disc can leak back into the spinal canal.
Lower Back Pain
Over 80% of the population will suffer from some form of lower back pain at some point in their lives.
Muscle strains are caused by damage to the muscles and/or ligaments in the low back.
Most episodes of neck pain are due to a muscle strain or other soft tissue sprain (ligaments, tendons).
Osteoporosis is a condition that causes a thinning of the bones.
Sciatica is a term used to describe the symptoms of leg pain and possibly tingling, numbness or weakness that travels down the low back down via the sciatic nerve in the back of the leg.
Scoliosis describes an abnormal, side-to-side, curvature of the spine. The spinal curve may develop as a single curve (shaped like the letter C) or as two curves (shaped like the letter S).
Spinal Stenosis occurs when the spinal cord in the neck (cervical spine) or the spinal nerve roots in the lower back (lumbar spine) are compressed.
Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which the there is a defect in a portion of the spine, causing vertebra to slip to one side of the body. Spondylolisthesis should not be confused with Spondylolysis, the most common cause of isthmic spondylolisthesis, in which one vertebral body is slipped forward over another.
Vertebral fractures that occur as a result of osteoporosis are actually quite common, occurring in approximately 750,000 people in the U.S. each year.