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Diagnostic Procedures

Diagnostic ProceduresWhen you’re suffering from pain in your arms, legs, knees, hips or joints, the first step is to receive a diagnosis. SGMC accomplishes this by using imaging techniques so the affiliated physicians and staff get the clearest picture of what’s troubling you.

Diagnostic methods include:

  • X-rays
  • MRIs
  • CT scans
  • Bone scans

These create an image of your bones by shooting an X-ray beam through the body. They provide excellent bony detail.



An MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan uses magnetic fields and radio waves to form images of affected regions of the body. It is useful to rule out tumors or infections.


CT Scan

A CT (computerized tomography) scan takes cross sectioned images of the body. Like an X-ray, it works by shooting an X-ray beam through the body. A computer then reformats the image into cross sections. This process is repeated at multiple intervals for a comprehensive view of the affected region.


Bone Scan

A bone scan is sometimes performed to rule out an inflammatory process, like a tumor or an infection. It also rules out any occult fractures, or tiny breaks not seen on an X-ray. It is performed by injecting a small amount of radioactive marker intravenously. Three hours later, the patient is placed through a scanner, where the radioactive marker can be concentrated in any region that has a high bone turnover.

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